This is the house where I was born.
拆分：1. This is the house. 2. In this house I was born.
后行词就是：In this house
He is the boy with whom I will go to shanghai.
I am looking for a man who is rich, cute and well-educated.
The book which I am reading is written by Tomas Hardy.
修饰his，her，its，their，your one ‘s等等表示所属关系的词，用whose
He is the man whose car was stolen. = He is the man. His car was stolen.
You are the only one whose advice he might listen to.
This is the house where I was born. = This is the house. In this house I was born.
This is the house that belongs to my brother. = This house belongs to my brother.
He came at a time when we needed help. = At that time we needed help.
He came at a time which was just perfect. = The time was just perfect.
如果后行词是原因状语for this/that reason，就用why替换。
I knew the reason why he was late. = For this reason he was late.
The reason that he explained at the meeting was not acceptable. = He explained the reason at the meeting.
English is a “fixed-word-order” language where each phrase has a fixed position. = In this language each phrase has a fixed position.
Life isn’t some musical cartoon where you sing a little song, and your insipid dreams magically come true! = In that cartoon you sing a little song, and your insipid dreams magically come true!
There are occasions when one must yield.（任何人都有不得不屈服的时候。） = One must yield on those occasions.
3.Who / Whom / Which(关系代词)
eg. He is a student who studies hard. = He is a student. He study hard. = He is a student and he study hard.
eg. He is a teacher whom I respect. = He is a teacher. I respect him.
eg. He is a man with/for whom I enjoy working. = He is a man
whom(可省略) I enjoy working with/for. = He is a man, whom(前面有,就不能省略) I enjoy working with/for.
4.Before word ‘that’, there can not have comma or preposition.’That’ can replace who/whom/which.
eg. He is a man (that=whom) we all respect.
eg. He is a man (that=who) never lies.
4.Sometimes must use THAT! Before the “that” have a ‘est’ or a ‘first second’ or a ‘Who,Whom,Which’.
eg. He is the best student that I have ever taught.
eg. She is the most beautiful girl that I’v ever seen.
eg. That is the first thing that I’v do.
eg. Who’s the boy that(
who) is talking to Marry?
eg.What is the thing that(
which) you are using?
eg. This is my father, who is nice to me.
eg. Here comes Marry, who is nice to me.
eg. This is a student who studies hard.
eg. He is a boy who is handsome and kind.
eg. This is a book which I enjoy reading. = This is a book that I enjoy reading.
eg. This is a good book,(这里的逗号可有可无) which I bought yesterday.
He is a man who I think never lies. PS:插入语不影响关系代词的格
He is a man whom I think we should all respect.
He is a man who I think is nice.
He is a man whom I think to be nice. I think him to be nice.不定式做宾补
Mr. Mrs. Miss. Ms.
This is Mr. Wang; his daughter is my girlfriend.
This is Mr. Wang, and his daughter is my girlfriend.
This is Mr. Wang whose daughter is my girlfriend.
This is Mr. Wang; I love his daughter.
This is Mr. Wang, and I love his daughter.
This is Mr. Wang, whose daughter I love very much.
This is Mr. Wang, whose daughter I’m familiar with.
I just bought a book whose content is interesting.
I just bought a book, the content of which is interesting.
I just bought a book, of which the content is interesting.
关系副词where when why how.
I was born in Nanjing, which I met Marry.这样是错的,因为which不是做主语，所以要加介词，像下面这样。
I was born in Nanjing, in which I met Marry.
I was born in Nanjing, where I met Marry.
I went to the station, at which I met John.
I went to the station, where I met John.
I went to the top of hill, on which I met Peter.
I went to the top of hill, where I met Peter.
I was born on May 22 1984, on which it was raining.
I was born on May 22, 1984, when it was raining.
I was born in May, in which it was getting warmer.
I was born in May, when it was getting warmer.
I know the reason, which he resigned for.
I know the reason, why he resigned.
I know the reason he resigned.
I know why he resigned.
I don’t like the way, in which he talks.
This is wrong :
I don’t like the way ,how he talks.
I don’t like the way he talks.
准关系代词 than, as
I have more money than you have.
I have more money than you do.(知识点：两个动词，用do代替后面的)
I have more money than do you.(do和you也可以倒过来，后面再讲)
than前面是名词，则than叫做关系代词，但又和传统关系代词（who, whom, which）不同，than=than + the + money + which
I have more money than the money which you do.
I have more money than is needed.
I have more money than needed.(is 可以省略)
More friends than had been invited came.
than = than the friend who
Mary is more beautiful than Jane.
John is a person amiable
I have such a car as you do.
as = as the car which
I don’t like such people as lie.
I don’t like such a person as lies.
He is nice, but I don’t like him.
There is no one who does not like him.(who…not…可以用but代替)
There is no one but likes him.
There is no music which I am not fond of.
There is no music but I am fond of.