Grammar:强调语气

概念分类

1.词法强调:用某些特定单词、词组强调。
2.结构与句法强调:比较级、最高级、as…as结构、not so…as结构、宾语前置、倒装、双重否定结构、感叹句、强调句式等等表达强调。
3.强调句的本质是一种特殊的句式,而非主从句。

词法强调

1.用形容词very,single等表示强调
At the very moment,the telephone rang.

2.用反身代词表示强调
I myself will see her off at the station.
You can do it well yourself.

3.用助词do表示强调
He does speak(演讲) well!
He did come but soon went back.

4.用短语in every way,in no way,by all means,by no means,only too,all too,but too,in heaven in the world,on earth,under the sun等表示强调
His behavior was in every way perfect.
By all means take your son with you.
The news was only too true.
Where in heaven were you then?
Nobody under the sun would buy that car.

句法强调

原句:I met him in the park this morning.
强调主语I:It was I who/that met him in the park this morning.
强调宾语him:It was him that I met in the park this morning.
强调地点状语in the park:It was in the park that I met him this morning.
强调时间状语this morning:It was this morning that I met him in the park.

强调句与定语从句辨析

强调句和定语从句完全相同:It is the book that I bought yesterday.

强调句:It is this book that I bought yesterday.
定语从句:This is the book that I bought yesterday.

强调句:It was on the island that they spend 10 years.
定语从句:It was the island that they spend 10 years on.

强调句变体

强调句还有几种常见的变体,表达“是XXX,怎么样,而不是XXX”,结构通常如下:
1. It’s not A that…; it’s B.
2. It’s not A but B that…
3. It’s B that…, not A.

eg.
1. It’s not what I say that defines me; it’s what I do.
2. It’s not what I say but what I do that defines me.
3. It’s what I do that defines me, not what I say.