The Article and Determiner

Article is a type of determiner.

Article include two types: Indefinite article: a/an and definite article: the

Indefinite article

1.Indefinite article means ‘one’, but ‘one’ emphasize the number, ‘a/an’ emphasize ‘anyone’.

2.Plural(eg. men) can NOT use “a/an”.

3.The following circumstances can NOT use Indefinite article:

1.A word doesn’t have Plural form, such as Substance(eg. water) and Abstract(eg. honest) can NOT too.

2.Name and place can NOT use too.

4.When a/an used as complement:

Whether the complement can use ‘a/an’ depends on the subject.I don’t want to summarize a rule with this situation. I think I can control it by intuition.

eg: Mr. Robert was president of the school. Someone say he is a better president than Mr. White. Mr. Robert is also a member of the Council of the city.

Definite article

1.Definite article means ‘that’ or ‘those’.

2.The+Adjective = Noun. eg. the poor, the older

3.The + Proper nouns(专有名词)  = Unique. eg. the sun

4.This is a most interesting book. 这是⼀本⼗分有趣的书。(Compare:This is the most interesting book I have ever read. 这是我读过的最有趣的⼀本书。)

Determiner

限定通常体现在两方面:指向和数量,且指向和数量至少有一方面需要被限定。

可数名词的单数形式需要被“a/an”限定,专属名词、不可数名词、可数名词复数形式可以不加限定词单独出现,也可以加“the”。

专有名词有的能加the有的不能加,具体靠多用就熟了。

冠词出现在补语位置,通常可以省略,如:The elected Tom (the 省略) chairman.但出现在其他位置,就要加冠词,如:Tom is the chairman.

特殊用法,只能背,没有原因
(1)对于cinema,opera以及theater这几个场所,泛指特指都需要加the
(2)听收音机需要加the而看电视不需要
(3)球类、棋类运动前不加冠词,乐器前需要加the

量词

量词,如strip(名词性),a strip fish 一条鱼,是把不可数名词变成可数的方式。

a seat hill , a flat piece table, a piece of paper, a drop of water